An Investigation to Determine an Optimum Protective Garment Material in Nuclear Medicine

R Parvaresh, A Haghparast, K Khoshgard, M Jalili, M T Eivazi, M Ghorbani


Aim: The aim of this study is to find an optimum material to protect garment for protection against 99Tcm radionuclide.

Materials and Methods: Monte Carlo simulation code was applied to investigate radiation attenuation of 13 shielding materials including: Ba, gray Sn, white Sn, Sb, Bi, Bi2O3, BaSO4, Sn/W, Sb/W, Pb and W with thicknesses of 0.5 and 1 mm to determine an optimum protective garment material in nuclear medicine against 99Tcm. Furthermore, the dose enhancement on the staff body was investigated for shielding materials such as tungsten and lead.

Results: The findings of the simulations show that the maximum and minimum attenuation obtained with thicknesses of 1 mm W and 1 mm BaSO4 were 96.46% and 14.2%, respectively. The results also demonstrate that tungsten does not cause any dose enhancement on staff body but this is not true for lead. Tungsten provides the highest radiation attenuation without dose enhancement on the body of staff.

Conclusion: Among materials evaluated, tungsten is the optimum material and it can be applied for the design of protective garment for nuclear medicine staff against 99Tcm.


Nuclear Medicine, Monte Carlo Simulation, 99Tcm, Protective Garment

Full Text:



eISSN: 2251-7200        JBPE NLM ID: 101589641

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.

Indexing:  PubMed Central, Scopus, EMBASE, EBSCO, DOAJIndex CopernicusISCSIDGoogle scholar, Open J-Gate, Geneva Free Medical Journals, EMRmedexBarakatkns, Magiran, HINARI, Electronic Journals Library